Trafficking in Persons
The Working Committee or Prevention against Trafficking in Persons formed in July 2002 is playing an active role in the drive. From 2002 to 2004, the Committee exposed 474 cases. In connection with the cases, actions were taken against 519 persons, 2,629 victims could be rescued, 722,061 were educated regarding the dangers posed by human traffickers and 17,280 were repatriated.
Considering trafficking in persons a serious case, Myanmar has been tackling it through a comprehensive approach at bilateral and multi-lateral levels. And the nation is fighting against such evil acts through the National Plan of Action and legal actions.
The National Plan of Action covers strategies for prosecution, protection and prevention. It formed the Committee for Combating Trafficking in Persons, the Working Committee for Prevention against Trafficking in Persons, and the Task Force to draft the anti-trafficking law. The Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters Law, a prerequisite for combating transnational organized crimes including trafficking in person, was enacted in 2004. Moreover, as money laundering is linked to trafficking in persons, the Control of Money Laundering Law and Rules were also enacted in 2002 and 2003 respectively. The Central Control Board (CCB) and the financial investigation body have been set up as well.
In the international area of cooperation, Myanmar signed an agreement with Australia to curb human trafficking in Asian region. Myanmar has been cooperating with Cambodia, Laos and Thailand according to the agreement. In March 2004, Myanmar formed an anti-human trafficking group to look into the cases relating to the crime. In addition, Myanmar is a signatory to the Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime (CTOC), the Protocols to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons (TIP) and the Smuggling of Migrants agreement.
Myanmar hosted the Meeting for the Coordinated Mekong Ministerial Initiative Against Trafficking in Yangon from 27 to 29 October 2004. All the six countries of the Greater Mekong Region signed the protocol of the meeting. It is an important step for regional cooperation to eliminate human trafficking.
With the cooperation of the United Nations Inter-Agency Project (UNIAP), Myanmar formed the task force in women and children, and is conducting field study tours and training programmes.
The Memorandum of Understanding between the Governments of Myanmar and Thailand and on Cooperation in the Employment of Workers has come into force since June 2003. The MoU has provided enormous assistance to the work of prevention against human trafficking.
Myanmar is receiving according to the rules and regulations the persons who have been in foreign countries. It is known to all that she has opened reception centers at Myawady near the border with Thailand.
In fact, the Myanmar Government founded the Myawady Reception Camp on 18 February 2002, and is providing necessary assistance for the victims in cooperation with the United Nations Inter-Agency Project-UNIAP, Save the Children (UK), and the World Vision.